Almost 50% of the world’s poor are expected to live in areas affected by fragility, conflict and violence by 2030. How can we push forward the sustainable development agenda and reduce poverty in a world affected by fragility, conflict and violence? t is a very pragmatic and burning question and we all are now facing it in the fragile and conflict world. I would go for the following:• Fostering relationships and partnerships to increase understanding and unity among peoples of different cultures and countries to ensure a secure and stable environment for children.• Enabling a secure and stable environment that is free from fear, want, exploitation and violence and which address the causes and consequences of violence and fragility.• Our theory of change needs to be focused more on the concept of human security, involving a much broader spectrum of institutions and actors – and perhaps a stronger emphasis of self-help by people themselves. Obviously, also a strong emphasis on tackling exclusion. Here, the way we define the approach becomes very different from the usual development programming, in terms of Child Centered Community Development (e.g. role of the state), Outcomes (more heavily focused on direct delivery) and Continual Improvement (e.g. a heightened need to be agile and flexible in learning and monitoring, and adapt our response accordingly).• The modality of transfers of sustainable development can be through cash and vouchers followed from assessment and feasibility study and also it is important that we link with the existing social safety net programmes and should it not be there, then strongly advocate through appropriate international platforms or clusters and the government.